The Coronavirus pandemic is at the center of news in Europe. Italy has been the epicenter of the crisis, since the first cases of Covid-19 detected in the Lombardy region. As of today, Italy has recorded 189 973 cases and 25 549 deaths. Spain and France are also very affected by the pandemic, by recording respectively 213 024 cases and 22 157 deaths for Spain, while France stands at 159 467 cases and 21 856 deaths. Comparatively, Germany and the UK record a higher number of cases than France but also a lower death rate. Part of Europe have managed to contain the spread of the virus in their territories and are already looking for deconfinement measures. Austria already started to lightened confinement measures on the 14th of April, less than one month after announcing the confinement in the country. Since the 20th of April, Germany started to allow small shops of less than 800 square meters to open again and Norway opened its kindergarten. Since the 15th of April, kindergarten and primary schools also reopened in Denmark.
Since the 4th of April, two wildfires have been reported in northern Ukraine, near the Chernobyl exclusion zone, rising the radiation level to above normal.
United States is now the new epicenter of the Covid-19 crisis, with more than 860 000 cases and more than 46 000 deaths recorded. Brazil stands far behind at 50 036 cases and 3 331 dead, followed by Canada with 43 286 cases and 2081 dead. Trump and its administration have vitally criticized China over the pandemic, accusing China of creating the virus in a lab. Trump also launched a series of critics and attacks against the World Health Organization. He notably accused the WHO of being biased towards China in its management of the crisis. Situation is worsening in some Latin American countries, amplified by the fact that some leaders are making political use of the crisis. In Brazil, after firing his health minister who called for social distancing to contain the outbreak, President Jair Bolsonaro attended an anti-lockdown rally on April 19. In Mexico, more than 40 attacks against medical personnel have been registered since mid-March, amid coronavirus fears.
If the Covid-19 crisis started in China, the situation there is now stabilized with around 83 000 cases in China, and 4632 dead. Since the 25th of March, China has lifted the quarantine in the Hubei province, while still maintaining high surveillance of Covid-19 resurgence and new cases brought from outside of the country. Only since the 8th of April, inhabitants of the city of Wuhan have been able to go out again and move outside the city. Despite its positive results in the past few weeks (since the 1st of April, China only recorded around 1500 new cases), concerns of a second wave of coronavirus have emerged. Meanwhile the outbreak also started at the beginning of March in India, which now records 23 502 cases and 722 dead. Japan and South Korea are maintaining low levels of new cases and deaths: while being ones of the first countries to record infected people, their death rates still stands respectively at 328 and 240.
In Middle East, Iran remains the country the most affected by the virus, with 87 026 cases and 5481 dead. Turkey officially records 101 790 cases but only 2 491 dead, while Israel stands far behind at 14882 cases and Saudi Arabia at 13 930 cases. Regional governments have imposed strict restrictions and border closures, but as Ramadan starts, many countries in Middle East faces new challenges to keep their population confined. Additionally, spread of Covid-19 remains a major concern for countries like Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Turkey and Jordan, which host more than 12 million refugees in camps where physical distancing can hardly be put into practice. A first Covid-19 case was found in a Lebanon refugee camp in late April, causing deep alarm for associations and NGOs on the field.
A total of 27 385 cases of coronavirus were recorded in Africa, with 1 297 deaths, the five countries reporting most cases being South Africa (3953 cases), followed by Egypt (3 891), Morocco (3 568), and Algeria (3 007). The pick is still to come according to experts and medical staff, who fear a big impact for communities which have little or no access to health services and protective equipment. Testing populations is also an issue for African countries. Nevertheless, countries like South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya have been working hard to raise their testing capacity. Finally, as major big cities in Africa have been imposing lock-down measures or curfews, economic activities have significantly decreased, reinforcing poverty situation and risk of malnutrition for a growing number of children and people.